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The TS considers the retinal detachment produced by continuous work in front of computer screens to be an occupational accident,,es,The social room of the Supreme Court,,es,in his sentence n,,es,has estimated the appeal for the unification of doctrine filed by a worker who felt discomfort in the eyes and visual disturbances when performing his duties in front of the computer in the office,,es,After being operated on retinal detachment,,es,the National Institute of Social Security,,es,INSS,,pt,stated that his temporary disability derived from common illness,,es,As I did not agree with this statement,,es,the appellant sued the INSS and,,es,the Social Court nº,,es,of Orense gave him the right to qualify his disability resulting from work accident,,es

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The TS considers the retinal detachment produced by continuous work in front of computer screens to be an occupational accident,,es,The social room of the Supreme Court,,es,in his sentence n,,es,has estimated the appeal for the unification of doctrine filed by a worker who felt discomfort in the eyes and visual disturbances when performing his duties in front of the computer in the office,,es,After being operated on retinal detachment,,es,the National Institute of Social Security,,es,INSS,,pt,stated that his temporary disability derived from common illness,,es,As I did not agree with this statement,,es,the appellant sued the INSS and,,es,the Social Court nº,,es,of Orense gave him the right to qualify his disability resulting from work accident,,es

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La sala de lo social del Tribunal Supremo, en su sentencia nº 661/2018, of 21 de julio, ha estimado el recurso de casación para la unificación de doctrina interpuesto por una trabajadora que sintió molestias en los ojos y alteraciones visuales cuando realizaba sus funciones delante del ordenador en la oficina. Tras ser operada de desprendimiento de retina, el Instituto Nacional de la Seguridad Social (INSS) declaró que su incapacidad temporal derivaba de enfermedad común. Como no estaba de acuerdo con dicha declaración, la recurrente demandó al INSS y el juzgado Social nº 3 de Orense le dio la razón al calificar su incapacidad derivada de accidente de trabajo.

Posteriormente, the Superior Court of Justice of Galicia declared that the temporary incapacity of this worker derived from common illness,,es,because it did not consider applicable the presumption established in the article,,es,LGSS because it was not proven that the cause of the retinal detachment was a traumatism,,es,understood that there was no data from which to deduce a causal relationship between the injury and the work,,es,since the medical literature does not consider work in front of computer screens as a cause of retinal detachment,,es,"The fact that it is a sudden injury that appears in time and place of work necessarily leads to the application of the article,,es porque no consideró aplicable la presunción establecida en el artículo 115.3 LGSS al no haberse acreditado que la causa del desprendimiento de retina fuese un traumatismo. También entendió que no había datos de los que deducir una relación de causalidad entre la lesión y el trabajo, puesto que la literatura médica no considera el trabajo frente a pantallas de ordenador como causa de desprendimiento de retina.

El Tribunal Supremo, meanwhile, considers “el hecho de que se trate de una lesión súbita que aparece en tiempo y lugar de trabajo conduce necesariamente a la aplicación del artículo 156.3 of the revised text of the General Social Security Law under which it is presumed that we are in the presence of an accident at work ",,es,An article that states that it will be presumed,,es,unless proven otherwise,,es,The injuries suffered by the worker during the time and at the workplace are constitutive of an accident at work.,,es,Even more,,es,adds the Room,,es,"If we take into account that the work factor can not be excluded in the triggering of ocular pathologies,,es,the retinal detachment,,es,without prejudice to,,es,statistically there are other more frequent causes ",,es,indicates,,es,"That established the presumption corresponds to whoever intends to destroy it to prove the lack of causal connection between work and injury,,es. Un artículo que establece que se presumirá, salvo prueba en contrario, what son constitutivas de accidente de trabajo las lesiones que sufra el trabajador durante el tiempo y en lugar de trabajo. Más aún, añade la Sala, “si se tiene en cuenta que no cabe excluir el factor trabajo en el desencadenamiento de patologías oculares, specifically, el desprendimiento de retina, sin perjuicio de que, estadísticamente existan otras causas más frecuentes”.

Por ello, indica, “que establecida la presunción corresponde a quien pretende destruirla acreditar la falta de conexión causal entre trabajo y lesión; accreditation that has not occurred in this case,,es,because it can not be considered as such the argument that there are no cases in the medical literature that connect work to computer screens with retinal detachment ",,es,explain the sentence,,es,because although the task performed when the fatal event occurred was produced before a screen,,es,the legal presumption refers to the time and place of work and not to the instruments thereof,,es,because the destruction of the presumption would have required the accreditation of a radical incompatibility between the work and the injury that in this case has not occurred,,es, pues no puede considerarse como tal el argumento de que no existen casos en la literatura médica que conecten trabajo ante pantallas de ordenador con desprendimiento de retina”.

En primer lugar, explica la sentencia, porque aunque la tarea realizada cuando se produjo el fatal evento se producía ante una pantalla, la presunción legal se refiere al tiempo y lugar de trabajo y no a los instrumentos del mismo; and, Secondly, porque la destrucción de la presunción hubiera exigido la acreditación de una radical incompatibilidad entre el trabajo y la lesión que en este caso no se ha producido.

Por este motivo, the Chamber considers the appeal of the worker and annuls the judgment of the Superior Court of Justice of Galicia that declared that her temporary incapacity derived from common illness,es.

 

 

 

 

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